課程:

馬丁路德神學研究 (Theology of Martin Luther)

講師:

陳佐人博士 (Dr. Stephen Chan)

(西雅圖大學神學系教授)

Web:

http://fac-staff.seattleu.edu/schan/

Email:

schan@seattleu.edu

 

Selected Links:

馬丁路德網頁- Lutheran Studies

加爾文網頁- Calvin Studies

 

參考書目- Selected Bibliography

 

講題大綱 (Course Outline)

 

1.       歷史導言 (Historical Introduction)

* Life of Luther

* 95 Theses

 

* Reformation as Protest

* Reformation of:

Sacraments

Piety

Church Polity

Doctrines

* Reformation as Restoration

Restoration (Ad fontes: 回到本源)

* Reformation as Re-Formation

* Heiko A. Oberman, Forerunners of the Reformation: The Shape of Late Medieval Thought. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.

* FORERUNNERS:

1. Reformers : John Wyclif (1320?-1384) 威克里夫

John Hus (1369-1415) 胡司

William Tyndale (1492?-1536) 丁道爾

2. Mystics: Thomas a Kempis (1379-1471) 金碧士

Imitation of Christ《遵主聖範》

3. Humanists: Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536) 伊拉斯姆

4. Nominalists (唯名論) : Thomas Bradwardine (d.1349), Oxford

Gabriel Biel (1410-1495), Tubingen

Johann von Staupitz (1468-1524), Erfurt

* Realists vs. Nominalists:

1. Thomas Aquinas vs. William of Ockham (1285-1349)

Duns Scotus (1266-1308)

2. Universal vs. Individual

Abstraction vs. Concrete

3. The Absolute Will of God

4. The Merits of Man (Biel, via moderna)

5. The Need of Grace (Bradwardine, new Augustinian)

* Luther Renaissaance (1917): "Back-to-Luther" movement

* Karl Holl (1866-1926), "What did Luther Understand by Religion?" (Was verstand Luther unter Religion?)

1. Luther's Religion: A Religion of Conscience

2. Luther's Religion: A Religion of Selfless Selfhood

3. Luther's Concept of Christian Pasivity

4. Luther's Concept of Christian Activity

Karl Holl - Wilhelm Pauck - Jaroslav Pelikan

* B.B. Warfield on Reformation: "The Reformation, inwardly considered, was just the ultimate triumph of Augustine's doctrine of grace over Augustine's doctrine of the church." B.B. Warfield, Augustine and Calvin. Philadelphia, 1956, p.322.

 

 

2.       信心與稱義 (Faith and Justification)

路德之信心觀 (Faith according to Luther)

* Faith is hearing of the Word of promise.

* Faith is union with Christ.

* Faith is incipient righteousness.

* Faith is the rendering of glory to God.

* Faith is righteousness in Christ.

 

路德之稱義觀 (Justification according to Luther)

* Justification = Forgiveness of Sin

* Justification = Gift of Eternal Life

* Justification = Non-Imputation of Sin

* Justification = Imputation of Righteousness

 

 

3. 信心與理性 (Faith and Reason)

* The Limits of Reason: Human, Natural, Carnal

* Reason within its limits

* Reason beyond its limits

* Reason and Regeneration

 

 

4. 信心與自由意志 (Faith and Free Will)

* De Servo Arbitrio = The Enslaved Will (1525)

Luther's Works, [WA 18]

* Martin Luther, The Bondage of the Will. Transl. by J.I. Packer & O.R. Johnston. Grand Rapids: Fleming H. Revell, 1996 [1957].

* Martin Luther, The Bondage of the Will. Transl. by Henry Cole. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1976.

* Luther and Erasmus, Free Will and Salvation. Library of Christian Classics. Vol.17. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1978.

* Luther and Erasmus, Discourse on Free Will. Transl. by Ernst F. Winter. New York: Unger Books, 1990.

 

 

5. 信心與聖餐 (Faith and Eucharist)

* Three Treatises:

1. "To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation" (August, 1520, LW:31)

2. "The Babylonian Captivity of the Church" (Oct 10, 1520, LW:36)

3. "The Freedom of a Christian" (Nov, 1520, LW:44)

* 路德1520年改教三書:

1.『致德意志基督教貴族公開書』, 《路選上》, 157-238.

2.『教會被擄於巴比倫』, 《路選上》, 239-348.

3.『基督徒的自由』, 《路選上》, 349-388.

 

  1. Martin Luther and John Calvin: Historical and Theological Comparison

 

 

Selected Links:

馬丁路德網頁 - Lutheran Studies

1.       路德著作網頁

Works of Martin Luther (Project Wittenberg): http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-luther.html#ac

 

2.       路德博物館

Luther Museum: http://www.luther.de/e/index.html

 

3.       威登堡市網頁

Wittenburgh Virtual City Tour: http://www.meetingpoint.org/ml/mlrondw.htm

 

4.       奧斯堡信條

Augsburg Confession:

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-boc.html#ac

 

加爾文網頁 - Calvin Studies

1.       《基督教要義》

Christian Institutes: http://ccel.wheaton.edu/c/calvin/institutes/booki/booki.htm

 

2.       威斯敏特信條

Westminster Confession: http://ccel.wheaton.edu/creeds/westminster.htm

Creeds and Confessions: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Fields/1200/creeds/

 

 

Christian Classics Ethereal Library

http://ccel.wheaton.edu/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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