課程:

加爾文神學研究 (Theology of John Calvin)

講師:

陳佐人博士 (Dr. Stephen Chan)

(西雅圖大學神學系教授)

Web:

http://fac-staff.seattleu.edu/schan/

Email:

schan@seattleu.edu

 

Selected Links:

馬丁路德網頁- Lutheran Studies

加爾文網頁- Calvin Studies

 

參考書目‧Selected Bibliography

 

講題大綱 (Course Outline)

 

1.       加爾文神學引言 (Introducing Theology of Calvin)

*   加爾文生平 (Life of John Calvin)

1450-1499

1483 馬丁路德生 (Luther born)

1484 慈運理生 (Zwingli born)

1500-1549

1509 加爾文生 (Luther 26, Zwingli 25)

1517 馬丁路德 95 (95 Theses, Calvin was 8)

1531 慈運理死 (Zwingli died at 47, Calvin 22)

1546 馬丁路德死 (Luther died at 63, Calvin 37)

1549-1600

1564 加爾文死 (Calvin died, 55)

*   《基督教要義》之出版背景 (Historical Background of Calvin’s Institutes)

約翰‧加爾文,《基督教要義》上, , 下冊。香港基督教文藝出版社,1955年。[節譯] [基督教歷代名著集成/ Christian Classics Library]

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion. Trans. by John T. McNeill and Ford Lewis Battles. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1960. [The Library of Christian Classics, Vol. 20 (2 vols)]

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion. Trans. by Henry Beveridge. [1845] Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1989.

*   加爾文《基督教要義》之神學重點 (Theological Themes of Institutes)

 

2. 上帝創造主 (The Knowledge of God as Creator, Book 1)

*   Ch. 1-5: Knowledge of God as Creator through the Universe

        *           Universe as “Theater of God’s Glory”

        *           Susan Schreiner, The Theater of His Glory: Nature & the Natural Order in the Thought of John Calvin. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1995.

*   Ch. 6-10: Knowledge of God through Scripture

        *           Inward Testimony of Holy Spirit

*   Ch. 11-14: Doctrine of God and Trinity

        *           Michael Servetus (1553) - 瑟維特

                        *      Wrote Christianismi restitutio, denying Christology and Trinity. Arrested and condemned by Inquisition in Vienna.

                        *      Corresponded with Calvin and was warned not to come to Geneva

                        *      Approval for condemnation from Zurich, Bern, Basel, Bullinger and Melanchthon.

                        *      Calvin attempted to appeal to change the sentence the less inhumane punishment of beheading. Farel and Calvin visited Servetus before execution but he refused to recant.

                        *      Maintained his anti-Trinitarian view by proclaiming: "Jesus, Son of the eternal God," not "Jesus, the eternal Son of God." Burn at the stake on September 27, 1553.

                        *      Institutes I.8.22, p.147-148; II.9.3, II.10.1; II.14.4-8

*   Ch. 15: Doctrine of Man

        *           Twofold Knowledge of ourselves: “The knowledge of ourselves is twofold: namely, to know what we were like when we were first created and what our condition became after the fall of Adam.” [Bk1.15.1, p.183]

*   Ch.16-18: Doctrine of Divine Providence

        *           Against Epicurianism

        *           Against Stoicism

*   Bk1.17.1: The meaning of God's ways (pp.210-211)

        *           Three things, indeed, are to be noted: First, God's providence must be considered with regard to the future as well as the past.

        *           Secondly, it is the deterministic principle of all things in such a way that sometimes it works through an intermediary, sometimes without... sometimes contrary to every intermediary.

        *           Finally, it strives to the end that God may reveal his concern for the whole human race, but especially his vigilance in ruling the church, which he deigns to watch more closely.

 

3.       上帝救贖主 (The Knowledge of God as Redeemer, Book 2)

*   Ch.1-5: The Fall of Humanity in Adam. Original Sin.

*   Ch.6-7: The Law

        *           First Function:     Condemnation (For Salvation)

        *           Second Function:         Fear of Punishment (For Society at large)

        *           Third Function:       Teaching and Exhortation (For Christians)

*   Ch.8: The Ten Commandments

*   Ch.9-11: The Old and New Testaments

*   Ch.12-17: Christ the Mediator, Threefold Office of Christ

        *           Prophetic Office: Gospel and Doctrine

        *           Kingly Office:                Spiritual Character

        *           Priestly Office:               Reconciliation and Intercession

 

4. 領受恩典之途 (The Way We Receive Christ's Grace, Book 3)

*   Ch.1:                   Holy Spirit

*   Ch.2:                   On Faith

*   Ch.3-6:               Faith and Repentence

*   Ch.7:                   Denial of Ourselves

*   Ch.8-10:             Bearing the Cross

*   Ch.11-18:           Justification by Faith

*   Ch.19:         Christian Freedom

*   Ch.20:         Prayer

*   Ch.21-24:           Election and Predestination

*   Ch.25:         Final Resurrection

 

 

5.  Martin Luther and John Calvin: Historical and Theological Comparison

 

 

Selected Links:

馬丁路德網頁 - Lutheran Studies

1.       路德著作網頁

Works of Martin Luther (Project Wittenberg): http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-luther.html#ac

2.       奧斯堡信條

Augsburg Confession:

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-boc.html#ac

 

加爾文網頁 - Calvin Studies

1.       《基督教要義》

Christian Institutes: http://ccel.wheaton.edu/c/calvin/institutes/booki/booki.htm

 

2.       威斯敏特信條

Westminster Confession: http://ccel.wheaton.edu/creeds/westminster.htm

Creeds and Confessions: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Fields/1200/creeds/

 

 

Christian Classics Ethereal Library

http://ccel.wheaton.edu/

 

 

 

 

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