Wave-Energy Extraction Course in Chile 2014    

        During winter quarter 2014, Dr. John Carter taught a course entitled Mathematical Models of Wave-Energy Extraction. The course was listed as a 300-level course in the Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical & Computer Engineering Departments. During the quarter we studied models of water waves, wave-energy extraction devices, the associated mathematics and engineering, and Chilean culture. After ten weeks of preparation, both mathematical and cultural, we were ready to head to Chile to learn from experts in the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering at the Pontific Catholic University of Chile ("La Catolica"). This department was chosen because of its excellent reputation and because of the cutting-edge wave-energy research being done there. The Chile portion of the course officially began the morning of Sunday, March 23rd and ended the night of Saturday, March 29th. The week was packed with mathematics, engineering, science, and culture.
Chilean flag on Cerro San Cristobal

Arriving on campus
La Moneda
Class with Maricarmen

Waiting for class
                   On Sunday (the first official day of the course) we spent some time in the sculpture park next to the Rio Mapocho and went to lunch at a restaurant named Liguria in the Providencia neighborhood. After lunch we went on a four-hour, guided walking tour of Santiago. Our guide, Antonio, was excellent! The sun was shining and it was HOT (in the low 90s). The weather was a nice change from Seattle's rain and clouds. We spent as much time as possible outside!
        Monday morning we got up, fought our way through the crowded subway, and made it to the San Joaquin campus. Dr. Rodrigo Cienfuegos gave a talk entitled "Introduction to Marine Energy: From Mathematics to Engineering." After class, Maricarmen Guerra Paris gave us a tour of campus. We ate lunch in the campus cafeteria and spent the afternoon exploring San Cristobal Hill and the Barrio Bellavista neighborhood.
On the subway

Museo de la Memoria
After dinner at Aji Seco II
Walking to Isla Negra

        Tuesday morning we headed to campus where we got on a bus and traveled to La Estacion Costera de Investigaciones Marinas. Located in Las Cruces, ECIM is a marine research and teaching laboratory associated with the Pontific Catholic University of Chile. It is located right above the water, facing west on a rocky outcropping looking out over the Pacific Ocean. Dr. Cristian Escauriaza gave a presentation entitled "Turbulent Flows and New Challenges in Complex Fluvial Systems." After lecture, a post-doc gave us a tour of the facility. We had a large Chilean lunch at a beach restaurant before heading to Isla Negra, one of the many homes of Pablo Neruda (Chilean poet who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1971). That night we went to Aji Seco II, a Peruvian restaurant in Santiago. We had a fantastic time eating and getting to know the Chilean students that had joined us for the day.
Exploring Isla Negra

Touring experimental facilities
                   We spent Wednesday morning at Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos (Museum of Memory and Human Rights). It is a space dedicated to giving visibility to the human rights violations committed by the Chilean government between 1973 and 1990. It is an incredibly powerful museum and was one of the highlights of our trip. We spent the afternoon exploring Plaza de Armas, La Moneda (the Chilean "White House"), and Santa Lucia. We ended the day with dinner at the hotel.
        Thursday was our longest day. We headed to campus first thing in the morning. Maricarmen gave a two-hour lecture entitled "Tidal currents and tidal energy extraction" and then Juan Carlos Dominguez gave a talk entitled "Wave energy." We had chacareros (beef sandwich with tomatoes, green beans, and peppers) for lunch and spent the afternoon in the Dominicos Market. We had dinner with the Chilean faculty at Meson Nerudiano. We had a great time!

Getting ready for class
Breakfast in the Andes
Hiking in the Andes

        Friday morning we attended lectures by Dr. Philippe Bonneton, "Nonlinear Shallow Wave Equations" and Dr. Natalie Bonneton, "Field Measurements at Sea." They are from Bordeaux, France and are spending their sabbaticals working at La Catolica. We were fortunate that our trip overlapped with their stay. We thanked the Chileans and said our goodbyes before heading back to the Providencia neighborhood for lunch. We spent the afternoon at the Museum of Precolombian Art and had a relaxing dinner at the hotel.
        Saturday morning another shuttle bus picked us up and we headed to Cascada de las Animas, a nature sanctuary in the Maipo Canyon in the Andes. We had a quick breakfast in a restaurant over looking the river and then went on a three-hour guided hike through the Andes. It was sunny and the views were incredible. After the hike we had a slow, relaxing lunch before the shuttle took us back to Santiago. We said our goodbyes at the hotel and headed to the airport for our flights back to Seattle. Some of our flights were oversold, so a handful of students volunteered to spend an extra day in Chile and fly business class the next day!
Cajon de Maipo
Fountain at Santa Lucia
Sunset at Santiago airport
Juan Carlos lecturing

All of us together at ECIM!



        This course was made possible by support and assistance from Dr. Michael Quinn (Dean of SU's College of Science and Engineering), Dr. Jeff Boersema (Chair of SU's Mathematics Department), Dr. Agnieszka Miguel (Chair of SU's Electrical & Computer Engineering Department), Mary Beth Falkner (SU Education Abroad), Pat Whitney (Dean's Administrative Coordinator), and Robin Evans (College of Science and Engineering Budget Coordinator).
        Great thanks to our Chilean and French friends and colleagues: Dr. Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Maricarmen Guerra Paris, Juan Carlos Dominguez, Dr. Cristian Escauriaza, Dr. Gonzalo Pizarro, Dr. Philippe Bonneton, and Dr. Natalie Bonneton.

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