Wave-Energy Extraction Course in Chile 2012

        During the winter quarter of 2012, Dr. John Carter taught a course entitled Mathematical Models of Wave-Energy Extraction. The course was listed as a 300-level course in the Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical Engineering Departments. During the quarter we studied models of water waves, wave-energy extraction devices, and the associated mathematics and engineering. After ten weeks of preparation (both scientific and cultural), we were ready to head south to Chile.
        During spring break, we traveled to Santiago, Chile to learn from experts in the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering at the Pontific Catholic University of Chile ("La Catolica"). This department was chosen because of the cutting-edge research being done there and because of its excellent reputation. The trip officially began the morning of Sunday, March 18th and ended the night of Saturday, March 24th. The week was packed with mathematics, engineering, science, and culture.
Taking the final exam in Seattle

Arriving in Santiago
Our hotel
Subway in Santiago

Walking down the street
                   On Sunday (the first official day of the course) we spent some time in the sculpture park next to the Rio Mapocho and went to lunch at a restaurant named Liguria in the Providencia neighborhood. After lunch we went on the "Politics and Parks" bike tour of Santiago. The sun was shining and it was in the mid 80s. Much better than the rain, sleet, and cold we had been experiencing in Seattle. Throughout the week, we tried to spend as much time as possible outside.
        We started our Monday by visiting La Moneda Palace (Chile's main governmental building). We had lunch downtown and visited Cerro Santa Lucia and Cerro San Cristobal, two of Santiago's largest parks. We had our first "fancy" dinner out at a Peruvian restaurant named Aji Seco II.
In front of bike tour building

Sculpture park
Dinner at Aji Seco II
Cerro San Cristobal
        We spent Tuesday morning at Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos (Museum of Memory and Human Rights). It is a space dedicated to give visibility to the human rights violations committed by the Chilean government between 1973 and 1990. It is an incredibly powerful museum and was one of the highlights of our trip.
        After lunch, we headed to the San Joaquin campus of the Pontific Catholic University of Chile (PUC) where we met our Chilean instructors/hosts: Dr. Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Maricarmen Guerra, Juan Carlos Dominquez, and Dr. Cristian Escauriaza. Rodrigo and Maricarmen gave us a tour of campus. The campus is rapidly expanding and no less than four buildings are currently under construction. Rodrigo (Associate Professor in the Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering at PUC) )gave a two-hour lecture covering many of the mathematical models that are used in wave-energy extraction research. We ended the day with dinner in the hotel.
Our first lecture in Chile

Rodrigo grilling
                   Wednesday was our longest day. We headed to campus first thing in the morning. Maricarmen Guerra (Professional Engineering at PUC) lectured on extracting energy from tides. We visited Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (National museum of visual arts) and we went out for lunch. We all ate chorrillanas, a plate of French fries covered in a mixture of grilled onions, scrambled eggs, and spicy beef. It is a dish made famous in Valparaiso, Chile.
        Wednesday evening, we went to Rodrigo's house for an asado (Chilean BBQ). The party started a little after 9:00. We ate chorripan (a grilled Chilean sausage on Chilean bread), salads, and a variety of grilled meats. We didn't head back to the hotel until after 1:00. This was definitely one of the highlights of the course. Our Chilean hosts were great. We cannot thank them enough.
Getting ready for class
Maricarmen lecturing

        Thursday morning Juan Carlos (Professional Engineer at PUC) lectured on wave-energy extraction devices. After lunch, many students hopped on a bus and spent the afternoon in Valparaiso, a port city located about 150 kilometers from Santiago.
        On Friday a bus picked us up from the hotel and we traveled to La Estacion Costera de Investigaciones Marinas. Located in Las Cruces, ECIM is a marine research and teaching laboratory associated with the Pontific Catholic University of Chile. It is located right on the water, facing west on the beach looking out over the Pacific Ocean. After a tour of the beautiful facility, Dr. Cristian Escauriaza (Assistant Professor of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering at PUC) gave a presentation on advanced modeling of flow-turbine interaction. We went to a seafood restaurant for lunch and visited Isla Negra (one of Pablo Neruda's homes) on our way back to Santiago. Friday night, we went to El Meson Nerudiano for dinner. Our Chilean friends joined us and we spent the evening on the restaurant's patio eating, drinking, and talking while listening to the three-piece jazz band playing downstairs. It was another highlight of the trip.
        Saturday morning another shuttle bus picked us up and we headed to Cascada de las Animas, a nature sanctuary in the Maipo Canyon the Andes. We went on a three-hour hike and had a big lunch on a deck overlooking the Maipo River. We headed back to Santiago where we took quick showers before heading to the airport for our flights back to Seattle.
Cajon de Maipo
The Andes
View from the classroom at ECIM
Cristian lecturing

All of us together!



        This course was made possible by support and assistance from Dr. Michael Quinn (Dean of SU's College of Science and Engineering), Dr. Jeff Boersema (Chair of SU's Mathematics Department), Gina Lopardo (SU's Education Abroad Director), Lisa Berman (SU Math's Administrative Assistant), Pat Whitney (Dean's Administrative Coordinator), Robin Evans (College of Science and Engineering Budget Coordinator) and SU's Spanish Department.
        The course would not have been possible without support from our Chilean friends: Dr. Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Maricarmen Guerra, Juan Carlos Dominguez, Dr. Cristian Escauriaza, Dr. Gonzalo Pizarro, and Marcos Parraguez Aviles.

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